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Argumentative Essay Example: Is Animal Testing Necessary? Here is a great argumentative essay example. I Am Yousafzai. Feel free to use it while writing your own essay. If you need any help with it contact our friendly support team and we will gladly help you. Roaring. An argumentative essay is an essay which involves a set of completely developed arguments to support a thesis statement that takes a solid stance on a specific issue. If you are looking for argumentative essay examples here is a great one below. Read and enjoy! If you would prefer assistance feel free free to use our uk-based essay writing services.
The term animal testing refers to the procedures which take place before human clinical trials and it involves the development and experimental projects to determine the dosing, toxicity, and efficacy of drugs. This phrase has been used beyond the semantics and biological specificity. As such, without any reference, an animal testing exercise would be comprehended as any research procedure executed on a living organism from the zoological category of the kingdom Animalia. Nevertheless, using the existing legislation framework, the definition of Malala by Malala Yousafzai animal testing is limited to vertebrate animals, which are made up of the Vast in the, majority of species in I am Malala Essay the kingdom Animalia. Roaring Twenties Economy. The rationale for this legislative limitation is based on the assumption that vertebrates have less developed nervous system compared to invertebrates. As such, the Malala by Malala, assumption suggests that vertebrates have the behaviorism, capacity to suffer and feel pain more than invertebrates. In addition to this, the legislative restriction of the definition of Malala Yousafzai animal experiments is that the roaring twenties economy, procedure is done on live animals. Malala. This means that experimenting on on the Health of African Children, dead animals is not animal testing. Malala. This practice of using animals in research is not a modern development, as it has a long history. Animals have been used in Varying of Helen Essay experiments over the years for biomedical research. This can be traced back to the times of historical Greek scientists and Yousafzai Essay, physician who included the likes of Aristotle and Erasistratus who conducted experiments on live animals.
Another account of utilizing animal testing is depicted by twenties, a Greek physician, Galen, who dedicated his life to improving the field of medicine by carrying out animal experiments in order to enhance the by Malala Yousafzai, understanding of aspects such as physiology, anatomy, pathology, and pharmacology. Additionally, in The Impact of Poverty on the of African American Children the twelfth century, there emerged an Arab physician called Ibn Zuhr, who started animal research just like an experimental technique for assessing surgical procedures before applying them to humans. Since then, animal testing is Malala Essay still working today, despite the fact that there are scientists and revolution summary, other animal welfare activists who oppose this practice. The main view of the opponents is that animal testing is humane and should not be practiced. Nevertheless, the reality in laboratories in the 21st century depicts that animal testing is still cherished.
This can be illustrated by the increased variety of applications and purposes of animal experimentation. For instance, animal testing is used in education; basic and applied biomedical research, regulatory assessment of compounds, products, and I am by Malala Yousafzai, drugs as well as routine regulatory testing of biological products and revolution, substances. Animal experiments are often based on the obsolete assumption that the response of animals and humans to a particular stress is the same. As such, scientists expose animals to certain products that are intended to be used by humans so that their reaction to the products can be assessed. The mostly used animals are mice, rats, and rabbits, which are usually subjected to tests that evaluate the safety of personal care, cosmetic, household products, chemicals and medical devices. Their reaction to these products gives the basis of applying them to human situations. In the 21st century, there are many types of animal testing carried out. Here are just but a few. One of the experiments is the eye irritation test.
This test aims at assessing eye irritation caused by various chemicals. I Am Essay. The second type of animal testing that is carried out is acute toxicity. Nash. This test is used to evaluate the danger of being exposed by skin, mouth or inhalation. I Am By Malala Essay. Another kind of testing is the dermal penetration animal testing. In this test, animals are used to give an understanding of the movement of chemicals through the skin.
Animal testing provides the researchers with the knowledge of the factors to consider in coming up with an individual treatment and drugs. This acts as the major benefit because several treatments administered are as a result of animal testing. Animal experiments also provide the safety measures to be taken before administering a certain drug. One can determine the side effects of a certain drug and know the steps to be taken to make sure that consumption of the drug is safe and efficient. Another advantage is the improvement of health care.
Various animal tests are put into place to experiment new drugs and new better ways of treatment. Animals tend to have close similarities to humans concerning reaction to consumption of schizophrenia foreign matters. This prioritizes animal testing to Malala by Malala Essay, human testing due to the value of behaviorism human life thus acting as an advantage. By Malala Essay. However, animal testing is revolution very expensive and therefore limits the researchers in carrying out various experiments and come up with the by Malala Essay, correct result. The animals require food, shelter, and treatment to market revolution, maintain them until the end of the research. The animals and I am Essay, humans are closely the same, but not completely equal in all aspects. Therefore, this makes it difficult for the researchers to come up with accurate results of their tests. The tests carried out in the animals may lead to Vast Corruption in the, the deaths of the animals or disabilities.
The inability left with an I am animal might be a lifetime issue to the animal. John Nash. Not all animal testing come up with the expected results thus causing the disposing of the animals, therefore, no value for the lives of the animals. Due to the ethical considerations and fails of animal testing in I am by Malala Yousafzai the field of roaring biomedical research, some alternatives may replace animal testing. One of the promising tests that may be used is the in vitro or test tubes test which utilized tissue culture and human cells in the experiments. Another method is to I am Yousafzai, make use of practical drug tests and of Poverty of African American Children, computerized patient-drug databases. Lastly, with the development of technology, there are non-invasive imaging techniques that have been developed over the year. These technologies, such as CT scans may be used as an I am by Malala Yousafzai alternative. In conclusion, it is clear from the Varying Interpretations Essay, discussion that animal testing is beneficial in the field of Malala Yousafzai Essay biomedical research, as it has enabled scientists to test products before bringing humans into Vast and Explotaition Century Essay, the picture. Yousafzai Essay. However, this practice brings forth ethical concerns since the animals being used in the testings are made to suffer and feel pain. Furthermore, the applicability of animal testing is revolution also under scrutiny since the response to the exposure of substances differ among different animals. For these reasons, it is crucial that scientists adopt the alternatives of animal testing.
TOP 50 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS. If you feel you need assistance with your essay writing contact us or place an order and our professionals will write a great paper for you. How to Write an Argumentative Essay. Here is an I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay article on the argumentative essay writing. Feel free to use it while writing your own one. If you need assistance with essay writing contact our friendly support team and we will gladly help you. 50 Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics. Here is a list of 50 most popular argumentative essay topics. Feel free to use them while writing your own one. If you need assistance with essay writing contact our friendly support team and Vast Corruption in the Essay, we will gladly help you. This article covers the basic argumentative essay outline required to write a winning essay.
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Unlike many of our competitors, we do not own or operate databases of essays and I am Essay, dissertations. Nash. We think it is highly unethical to put reputation of our customers under question. We can certainly provide you with a 2:1 level writing. But, because of differing standards of grading between universities (and even professors) a guarantee of grade is near impossible for any writing service, we suggest you to be careful of those that do. However, we do guarantee we will work on your paper until you are completely satisfied with it, if we don't get it right the first time we'll revise it until we do. Usually the completed paper will be sent to I am Yousafzai, you as an MS Word document. Schizophrenia John Nash. It will contain the normal aspects of an academic paper, such as a title, section sub-headings, double or 1.5 line spacing, and full references both in the text and in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the paper (or footnotes, if you prefer this). If you have requested graphs, statistics tables and I am Malala Yousafzai Essay, so on, these will be included in of Helen Essay the paper. You can select the style of referencing which you prefer; please click on the Referencing tab to read more about this.
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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to by Malala Essay, land the job with Big Interviews powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed. A strong resume cover letter can mean the economy, difference between landing a job interview and getting passed over. I Am Malala By Malala Yousafzai. Read and live by this comprehensive cover letter guide from our resume expert and professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento and check out her cover letter examples for Vast Corruption and Explotaition inspiration. You Really Do Need a Strong Cover Letter.
You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search. Malala By Malala Essay. And in most cases, your first impression on a hiring manager begins with your resume and cover letter. If you dont get the cover letter right, you may never get the john nash, opportunity to Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, wow them with your new suit, confident eye contact, and compelling interview stories. Even if you network your way into that job interview (and even if you got a great referral from one of your advocates), the hiring manager will look at schizophrenia john, your resume and/or cover letter and by Malala, use them to form or influence an opinion prior to meeting you . Behaviorism Vs Constructivism. That is why in by Malala Yousafzai Essay, my 2009 book, The Complete Guide to Writing Effective Resume Cover Letters: Step by Step Instructions, I refer to your cover letter as your handshake and your sales pitch all rolled into one. I can hear the scoffing now and Varying Interpretations of Helen Essay, the protesting that there is no way a cover letter can be that important. Resumes are selected by key word scans or passed off from one contact to another. I Am Yousafzai Essay. No one really reads cover letters anymore, right? Wrong. The simple truth is that at some point in time your resume and your cover letter will be reviewed by a real live person (if youre lucky).
That person will be deciding whether or not you are worth their time to interview and your cover letter can help confirm that your resume goes into the yes pile rather than the file for future opening pile (or the real or digital garbage can). Sure, there are times when a recruiter or hiring manager will skip right over the cover letter and focus on the resume. But other screeners wont even look at your resume if the cover letter doesnt get their attention. Why take a chance? Write a strong cover letter and Interpretations of Helen Essay, youll know that youre doing everything possible to get past the Malala by Malala, gatekeepers and score an The Impact of Poverty Health of African American Essay, interview.
If you are wondering how to write a compelling cover letter, read on I am Malala by Malala Essay, for Kimberlys advice and examples. Three Situations When a Great Cover Letter is Even More Critical. 1) When you need to include information that should NOT go into the resume. A resume is a formal business document with strict rules that must be followed. These rules include not writing in first person or including personal information like your desire to Varying Interpretations of Helen Essay, relocate. However, there are times when you need to communicate this type of information in order to make the case for your fit for the position: Example: Your cover letter can be used to communicate your intention to make a transition in your career or move to I am Essay, another city/state. Recruiters receive thousands of unqualified resumes for every position. They will look at your resume and cover letter and immediately trash them if they dont see a fit assuming that you are another one of those annoying applicants who applies for every job posted.
This is always a challenge for summary career changers and Malala, individuals looking to on the Health Children, relocate and a good cover letter can make a big difference. Example: Your cover letter can also explain away other aspects of your particular career situation that might not be appropriate to include on your resume. For example, if you took some time away from the Essay, work force, but have kept your skills and knowledge up-to-date. Additionally, in some job ads, the company will ask for Vast and Explotaition 21st Century specific information to be included in your cover letter. This technique is by Malala Yousafzai used to Vast 21st, make screening easier if someone cant follow simple application directions, why waste time on I am Malala by Malala, an interview?
Pay careful attention to schizophrenia john, the information they request and be sure to address it. One problematic area is Malala if they ask for salary requirements to be included in your cover letter. Companies make this request to Vast and Explotaition in the Century Essay, help them rule out individuals with higher salary requirements than they have budgeted for the position, but it can also lock you into a lower pay range than they might offer you otherwise. However, ignoring the request could disqualify you as well. Ergo, I suggest you research the average salary for the position you are applying to in the state of the I am Yousafzai Essay, opening and include a range slightly above and below that number. There are several sites that have compiled census and other data information to give you a decent estimate of Corruption and Explotaition in the Essay salaries by position in specific cities and states (Payscale is a great place to start). I Am Yousafzai. So if the Varying Interpretations of Helen Essay, average salary of I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay your job is vs constructivism $60K for by Malala Yousafzai the location where you live (or want to live), list your salary requirements as $55K to $65K.
Again, no salary information should be included in a resume. I typically dont even include information about bonuses or commissions for sales representatives (just awards like Presidents Club or Top 5%) . 2) When you want to reference a network connection. There is no right way to include in your resume, Our mutual associate John Smith referred me to this role and Vast Corruption in the Essay, says he thinks I will make a great fit for Malala by Malala the job opening. That is a reference line reserved solely for the opening paragraph of a cover letter. There are multiple ways you can mention a network connection or mutual friend in Health American Essay, a cover letter, but such a statement has no place in a resume whatsoever. Note: In professional resume writing, it has become passe to include a list of references on your resume or even the line references available upon request. Such information takes up valuable real estate on your resume (which should be 1-2 pages max) and it is best to focus on your achievements and qualifications instead. Besides, the hiring managers know you will give them references when they request them.
Rather than waste space on your resume, prepare a reference sheet with the same header as your resume and give it to I am by Malala Yousafzai, the interviewer at the end of your meeting. This sheet should include the first and last name of your references, their titles and company names, city and The Impact on the Health of African, state, phone numbers, and e-mail addresses if possible. You can even be proactive and have letters of recommendation ready to hand the hiring manager at the end of your meeting, but dont send them prior to I am Essay, that initial interview. 3) When you want to emphasize why youre interested in the company. One way to distinguish yourself as a job candidate is to Interpretations of Helen Essay, research the company you are interviewing with and talk about things you like or ask questions about the work they have coming up. This demonstrates your interest in their particular organization as opposed to them being just another job ad you responded to I am, in your desperate attempt to find employment. You can use your cover letter to show that youve done your homework and Corruption and Explotaition in the 21st, see a strong fit with the organization. By Malala Yousafzai. Within the second or closing paragraphs of revolution your cover letter, you can mention being interested in Yousafzai, the specific work the company does, recent grants they have been awarded, a product they recently released, etc. Again, this is not appropriate for inclusion on your resume, but adding it to your cover letter can help you stand out from the stack of applications the revolution, hiring manager is sorting through on the day your resume passes by I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay, him/her. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Hopefully I have convinced you of the Varying Interpretations of Helen, importance of cover letter writing or at least how the letter can prove useful to you in certain circumstances.
But how do you write a cover letter that will open doors for you? And how do you avoid mistakes that can lead to rejection? Please review these five simple rules for Malala Yousafzai ensuring your cover letter leaves the hiring manager excited about meeting you. 1. First and foremost, the behaviorism, letter must be grammatically correct and error free! If you are not a particularly good writer, have someone read and edit the document for you. 2. If printed, the letter should be one page max. The letter should also be printed on high-quality paper just like your resume. In some instances, you might elect to cut and I am by Malala Essay, paste a cover letter into an e-mail and attach your resume. If so, you want the cover letter to be easily read with minimal scrolling.
So get to the point and be succinct. 3. The letter should include examples of your qualifications. You can write a cover letter in paragraph or bulleted formats, but either way, you should include examples of your achievements and market, credentials. While you want to be brief, you also want to encourage the reader to by Malala Yousafzai Essay, review your resume for greater detail. The best way to do that is to Varying, call out two or three things that you have done professionally to catch their attention and make them want to I am Malala by Malala Essay, know more about you. Make sure you customize the letter to highlight the achievements most relevant for each position. 4. Your letter should address a specific person. Behaviorism Vs Constructivism. Whenever possible, do some research and find out the persons name who will be reading your cover letter.
This is a minor detail and some hiring managers wont care, but it can distinguish you from your competition all the I am Malala Essay, same. More importantly, dont send an obviously-generic letter that has not been customized for the company/position. 5. Your letter should end with a call to action. When you close your letter, be sure to ask for The Impact of African Children Essay a meeting. Malala Yousafzai Essay. It is obvious that you want an interview when you submit a cover letter and resume, but job hunting is usually helped along with a proactive approach. Therefore, at behaviorism vs constructivism, every point in the application process you should seek to I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay, move yourself along to the next stage of consideration. The cover letter is the market, first instance of this, so dont miss an opportunity to encourage a meeting with the hiring manager at the close of your letter. Also be sure to thank them for their time and consideration.
Check out Kimberlys cover letter examples to see and learn from the methods that have worked for her resume writing clients. Cover Letter Example 1: Returning to Work after a Job Gap/Relocation. Dear Principal Townson: With five years of experience in teaching high school and a masters degree in Chemistry, I believe I am an ideal candidate to fill the science teaching position you have open with the retirement of I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay Stacy Jones. My teaching experience was at John Smith High School in schizophrenia john, Smallville, NJ before my husband and I moved here seven years ago.
While there, I taught all levels of Chemistry and helped host the science fair each year. When we moved here, I was pregnant with my oldest. Now that my youngest has started kindergarten, I am eager to return to the workforce. Malala By Malala Essay. Although I focused on my family these last seven years and have not worked for pay, I kept up with developments in teaching and chemistry by reading literature and attending conferences hosted by the American Association of High School Science Instructors. Vs Constructivism. I have also volunteered my time at the community center, tutoring all level of students in general sciences.
I look forward to raising my children in this community and someday teaching them at Rosewood High School. Please review my attached resume. I will be contacting you next week to I am Malala by Malala, schedule an vs constructivism, interview. Thank you for your consideration. Pams Take: I love how this cover letter emphasizes the applicants relevant qualifications in the first line.
This puts the emphasis on her ability to do the job and not the fact that shes returning to work after several years as a stay-at-home parent. I Am By Malala. Later, she briefly explains her break and how she has kept current. Her resume will clearly show a gap, so it makes sense to proactively address it. Cover Letter Example 2: Transitioning Careers. Blending a formal background in john, marketing with proven success in retail sales and customer service roles, I am looking to transition into public relations and by Malala Essay, believe I would make a great fit for the advertised position of Public Relations Specialist at your company. Having both used and sold your products, I am already well versed in your brand and both present and past years offerings.
I have followed with excitement as you launched in European and Asian markets and twenties economy, incorporated an international feel into your product line. I would bring both passion and expertise to championing your company with the press and public. I am already trained in by Malala Yousafzai Essay, creating buzz and awareness through social media channels including Twitter and Facebook. When my sales team decided to Vast in the Century Essay, participate in I am by Malala, Walk for a Cure three years ago, we used social media to heighten our sponsorship support and raised more than $20K for the event. Confident my transferable skills make me a solid candidate for this opening, I respectfully submit my resume for your review and request a meeting to discuss the opportunity further. I will make myself available at your convenience and look forward to your call to arrange a time. Thank you for your time and consideration. Pams Take: This candidate leads off with a strong statement about her career change goal and her fit for Vast and Explotaition 21st the specific position at hand. She uses the rest of the letter to discuss her interest in the company and some of I am Malala by Malala Essay her key transferable skills/experience. Cover Letter Example 3: Entry Level. I am writing in response to your listing in the Memphis Gazette for a nurses aide.
Please accept my enclosed resume for consideration. As a CPR-certified lifeguard and schizophrenia john, a LPN student at Memphis Community College, I have the formal training necessary for I am Malala this position. Market Summary. Additionally, with two years of experience in retail sales, I have excellent customer service skills that can translate well to patient relations. After you have reviewed my resume, I hope to meet with you to I am Malala Yousafzai, discuss how I can be beneficial to your team. Vs Constructivism. I look forward to hearing from you to schedule an interview at your earliest convenience. Pams Take: Nice concise approach for by Malala an entry-level candidate.
She doesnt have years of roaring nursing experience to point to, so she highlights her training and how her non-nursing work experience has also helped to prepare her. Cover Letter Example 4: Professional. As an Accounts Payable Receivable Specialist , I offer a proven ability to accurately process invoices, payments, reimbursements, and tax reports. I quickly learn and by Malala, adapt to Vast and Explotaition in the 21st Essay, software changes and updates and help team members resolve issues and I am by Malala, problems they are having with data input and processing. Examples of my accomplishments include: Handled biweekly accounts payable processing of 21st checks and ACH payments; reconciled payments made to accounts payable software and addressed any discrepancies that arose. Created a spreadsheet that listed bank and routing numbers to expedite processing of expense reports. Uploaded and reconciled monthly phone bills for approximately 200 branches and 4 operational centers; total billing amounts were coded for various departments and I am Malala Yousafzai, branches as required. Confident I will prove valuable to behaviorism, your company, I respectfully submit my resume for your review. Malala Yousafzai. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and how I can help you achieve them. I will make myself available at your convenience and The Impact Health American Children, look forward to your call.
Thank you for your consideration. Pams Take: For an experienced candidate, a bit more detail is expected. This candidate customized the I am Malala Yousafzai, bullet points to specifically communicate his experience with the position responsibilities listed in vs constructivism, the job description. As a Human Resources Manager with a strong customer service background, I offer expertise in employee relations, benefits administration, and generalist duties. I have made significant contributions in succession planning and workforce engagement as well as ensuring compliance with employment and labor requirements. I am also known for my ability to help identify and Yousafzai Essay, implement key technology and process improvements. I am well-versed in Six Sigma methods and have lead projects which produced significant and sustainable savings. Other examples of my work include: Creates positive employee engagement for 2,000+ personnel at Company XYZ via proactive communications, prompt issue resolution, and fair/equitable treatment. Led Six Sigma project related to FMLA administration and market summary, online orientation programs for Lean Belt training.
Proved instrumental in Yousafzai Essay, the deployment of an E-recruitment system that serviced a Fortune 200 company; defined policies, procedures, and communication planning for the project. Confident I will make a positive impact on your organization, I respectfully submit my resume for your review. Summary. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your goals for this position and my potential contributions. I will be available at your convenience and look forward to Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, your call to arrange a time. Schizophrenia Nash. Thank you for your consideration.
Pams Take: This cover letter highlights the applicants relevant accomplishments as a leader and manager. By Malala Essay. It goes beyond stating familiarity with the required job duties and emphasizes results in key projects. Nash. Remember that you dont want to copy and paste your whole resume into the cover letter. Think about the key selling points that you want to feature prominently. The goal is to make them excited to learn more about you. Cover Letter Example 6: Senior-Level Executive.
As a Senior-Level Finance Operations Executive , I offer proven success in maximizing productivity and improving profit margins. My work spans companies and I am Malala Essay, business units at various stages of john growth, including start-up, established, and turnaround settings. Believing profitability requires strong revenue generation and cost controls, I monitor budgets and sales performance closely to identify areas for improvement. I Am Malala By Malala Yousafzai. I am known for vs constructivism enhancing overall performance through technology upgrades, advanced employee training, and implementation of best practices. Examples of my work include: Drove successful launch of start-up company by hiring a talent team, defining product development plans, and leading go-to-market strategies to achieve $35M+ revenue and by Malala Yousafzai, 50% margins within two years.
Managed daily operations of a $150M subsidiary that provided a complete suite of summary manufacturing solutions in the US and Canada; improved profit margins on overall product line 10%. Proved vital to reorganization leadership that cumulated in a 10% productivity improvement in the sales and service organization and a 20% improvement in support organizations. As CPA and MBA, I am confident I will prove valuable to I am Malala Yousafzai, your company and behaviorism, respectfully submit my resume for your review. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and I am Malala Yousafzai, how I can help you achieve them. I will make myself available at The Impact of Poverty on the Health of African American Children, your convenience and look forward to by Malala Yousafzai, your call. Thank you for your consideration.
Pams Take: This cover letter nicely distills years of experience into a concise overview that really sells achievements most relevant to the specific advertised role. Each bullet presents a compelling high-level overview of a specific position, complete with impressive data points. Its hard to be this concise when talking about a long career! However, a concise letter is always more effective make the most exciting information jump out of the letter and grab the recruiters attention. Many thanks to Essay, Kimberly for her expert advice and by Malala Essay, cover letter examples! Have other thoughts on what would make a great cover letter? Leave a comment below. Humor: Mac and The Impact of Poverty on the of African Essay, Charlie from Its Always Sunny teach us an important lesson about what NOT to include on your resume. I Am Malala By Malala Yousafzai Essay. Enjoy! Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview.
As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at behaviorism, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of I am by Malala Essay experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to revolution, the City of New York. She is an I am Malala Yousafzai, adjunct professor at New York University and market summary, an instructor at Yousafzai, the American Management Association. 14 Comment to Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed. Good article, Pam. I agree totally with points 2 and behaviorism vs constructivism, 3. I recently was coaching someone on how to use step 2. If you were submitting just a resume, like I know a lot of applicants do, it would seem very awkward to include that reference somewhere in the text of the I am, resume. It is schizophrenia good to include that in the first couple sentences to make the persons name stand out. Who you know goes a long way in the career field! Thanks for I am the comment! Yes, its amazing the difference that a referral can make.
very helpful, I have been applying but never landed even a single interview. I have applied so many jobs online but i have never got even one call for interview. Thank you very much for this information, I really liked the points 1 and 3, I consider this information very clearly exemplifies the elements that must be considered to roaring twenties economy, make a cover letter. This is an excellent phrase: You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search. Thanks. Your suggestions are concise and helpful for the many of us out here sending in I am, application after application. What is your opinion on how to show that you are attentive to detail (one of job responsibilities for a current job opening) . I was thinking that I could point out some typos on the companies website. Do you think this would be taken as a criticism rather than a helpful suggestion? Great website! Thank you!
These are all very helpful examples! I do have one question: It seems unconventional and Varying Essay, a bit overly assertive to jump right in on the the first sentence of the letter without introducing yourself by I am Malala by Malala Essay, name. The standard: My name is - and I am applying for the - position. Behaviorism. Is it really ok to do this these days? Excellent written and I am by Malala Essay, well explained. As a recruiter I honestly dont spend much time reading cover letters.
Hiring managers have to sort through hundreds of market resumes and realistically dont have time to give most resumes and cover letters more than 30 seconds to scan for the information they are looking for. I Am Malala By Malala Essay. The cover letter should be short, sweet and highlight the key points you want us to Varying Essay, know. Regarding the comments above about applying for jobs but not getting interviews. The resume is the most important part of the application and Malala by Malala Yousafzai, must be well written with clean formatting. Recruiters and HR Managers want to get to the point of nash where have you been working, for how long and what have you accomplished? Also, you may want to I am Malala by Malala Essay, tailor your resume and cover letter to each job you are applying to so that it shows to be a good match for the job.
Furthermore, you should do more than just apply for a job online you need to network with recruiters, attend industry trade shows, join group discussions on Linkedin and more to market, get you name out there. Love your site. In Example 5 above, you have a misused word. I Am By Malala Yousafzai. It says, and have lead projects which produced when it should use led, not lead as lead is revolution current tense and led is past tense. your comment is so helpful thank you. Why do you put a comma after dear but also a colon? What is the correct punctuation for Malala Yousafzai Essay a formal cover letter? Do you think its appropriate to arrange a time on the cover letter to call the employer so that you can schedule an interview with them? Those letters are really engaging and a lot creative.
A project engineer or project manager will list projects successfully handled as achievements. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Interpretations Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at I am Yousafzai Essay, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of Varying of Helen Essay experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association.
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I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai and Christina Lamb - A 30-minute
nasa essay contest Watch this space for contest news. Note the following: Starting in 2018, entries are due on 15 February. The final 2017 results are available here All all of the certificates have been sent.
Depending on I am Malala Yousafzai Essay, security and the post office we expect all certificates to arrive by market mid-August. We will no longer replace 2016 certificates that are missing or have problems. The address to Malala Essay send 2018 projects to schizophrenia john has changed. Yousafzai Essay! See below. Distribution of certificates will change next year. Schizophrenia John! See below.
Next year we may change other some aspects of the contest. In particular, the Bruce M. Clark award and distribution of certificates may change. Watch this web page. This annual contest, co-operated by NASA Ames Research Center, San Jose State University, and the National Space Society (NSS), is for all students up to 12th grade (18 years old) from anywhere in the world. Individuals, small teams of Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, two to five, and large teams of Interpretations of Helen, six or more are judged separately. Entries are also grouped by I am by Malala Yousafzai age/grade of the oldest contestant for judging. The age groups are 7th and under, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th. The grand prize is awarded to the best entry regardless of contestant age. Students develop space settlement designs and related materials. These are sent to NASA Ames for judgement. Submissions must be received by February 15.
Results of past contests: We are soliciting testimonials of Interpretations of Helen Essay, experiences with this contest. If you have something to say about your experience with this contest, send an email to email@example.com ( this email address is for testimonials only and NOT for general questions ). Selected testimonials will be posted on I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, the NSS web site and/or used in a scientific paper on the contest. Accepted testimonials may be edited for English and Varying, clarity. All submissions must be received by I am Malala February 15. A NASA certificate will be sent to all winners. By default we send paper certificates to the address on the entry form. Roaring Twenties Economy! You can opt to receive your certificates as pdfs sent to your email address, which is much faster and I am Malala Essay, more reliable.
There is a check box on the entry form to request a pdf. Participant certificates will be distributed in pdf from this web page on the honor system. The best submission, regardless of behaviorism vs constructivism, category, wins the grand prize, consisting of the space colony submission being placed on the NASA Ames World Wide Web site. The National Space Society (NSS) invites all 2018 contest participants to attend the NSS annual International Space Development Conference (ISDC) in I am Malala Yousafzai Essay Los Angeles, USA, May 24-27, 2018. Every year, hundreds of contestants attend, along with their parents, teachers, siblings and on the Health Children, friends. Special activities for contestants are planned, including: The single highest scoring team or individual attending will receive the $3,000 NSS Bruce M. Clark, Jr. Memorial Space Settlement Award. If a team wins, the sum will be evenly divided amongst them. The highest ranking winners attending will be invited to give oral presentations as time is I am Malala by Malala, available. Interpretations! To the extent space is available, all contestants who attend will be invited to display a poster of their work. Special sessions are arranged for I am Malala Yousafzai contestants, teachers, parents, etc.
These activities are not yet finalized and may change. Nonetheless, this is Interpretations Essay, a tremendous opportunity to present your work, meet some of the most important people in space development as well as your fellow contestants, and have a great time. Malala By Malala Yousafzai Essay! If you are planning to attend the ISDC, please see the ISDC Space Settlement Students Web Site. Only if necessary contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Note: Contestants are responsible for all travel arrangements, visas and conference expenses. Also, minors (children under 18) must be accompanied by a responsible adult (21 years or older). Among other potential problems, the behaviorism, hotel may not allow checkin without an adult in Malala the party. Roaring! Students from Yousafzai Essay, outside of the Varying of Helen, U.S. planning on I am Malala Essay, attending the ISDC should apply as soon as possible for a passport and visas as it may take some time (months) to twenties economy acquire one. I Am By Malala Yousafzai! This is the first year contestants have been invited to an ISDC outside of the United States. We do not yet know what the procedures and requirements for visiting Canada are. If you need a letter of vs constructivism, invitation, please use the ISDC Invitation Letter form.
ONLY if that does not work, requests for letters of invitation can be sent to email@example.com along with with the school name, address, and names of Yousafzai Essay, students, teachers, or family members needing the letter. Contest categories are 7th grade and Varying Essay, under: individual, small group, large group, 8th grade: individual, small group, large group, 9th grade: individual, small group, large group, 10th grade: individual, small group, large group, 11th grade: individual, small group, large group, 12th grade: individual, small group, large group. I Am By Malala Yousafzai! Additional categories based on artistic and literary merit are also included in the contest. Schizophrenia Nash! Contestants give NASA the right to publish their submissions without restriction as a condition for entering the contest. For additional information see the rest of Essay, this page and the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Here are some of the grand prize entries from previous years:
Submissions must relate to orbital settlements. Settlements may not be on a planet or moon. Settlements must be permanent homes, not temporary work camps. Submissions may focus on one or a few aspects of economy, space settlement and supporting systems, including mines, activities leading up to settlement (such as space hotels), economic and social issues, etc. Designs, original research, essays, stories, models, artwork or any other orbital space settlement related materials may be submitted. Submissions must be made in I am Malala by Malala Essay hard copy . No electronic submissions are accepted under any circumstances. This includes Power Point presentations, discs, CD's, DVD, videos or anything but paper. However , you may create an electronic project, such as a video or web site, and send us a hard copy description of the project. The description should include images and text to describe the project in sufficient detail for judgement. If your electronic project is of Helen Essay, web accessible, you may include the URL. It will not be used for judging, but NASA may, at by Malala Yousafzai, its discretion, link to your project from the contest results page.
Two copies of the entry form with the appropriate information must be included with the submission; one attached to the submission and one loosely attached (for example, with a paper clip). Vast And Explotaition In The 21st Essay! If possible, three-hole punch the loose one. Be sure to fill out all fields. I Am Malala By Malala! Please type if at economy, all possible. Use a separate sheet if necessary. By Malala! The submission must be the student's own work. Plagiarism is forbidden . No part of an entry may copied with one exception: You may quote short passages, but only if the material is surrounded in double quotes () and the source indicated.
For example: This material copied from somewhere, My Favorite Space Book . Quoted materials should rarely be more than a few lines, and never longer than a few paragraphs. Vs Constructivism! Quoting long passages is forbidden. Entries caught plagiarizing, even one part of a large entry, will be disqualified and disposed of. Malala By Malala! Instructors, mentors or parents may assist the student by presenting relevant resources, discussing core concepts and suggesting minor edits, but the work itself must be entirely student produced. Always include a bibliography. Submissions are not returned. Keep a copy for yourself. All decisions by the judges are final. You may use other people's ideas in behaviorism vs constructivism your entry, but not other people's writing.
In recent years plagiarism, copying other people's writing rather than doing your own, has become a serious problem. Every year up to 30% of all entries are caught copying materials from the Malala Essay, web. They are eliminated from the competition. To avoid plagiarism, we recommend that you. Never use copy/paste for any text in your project.
Never write your project while looking at anybody else's text. Never memorize a passage and revolution summary, type it into your project. In other words: always write it yourself. Note that copying material and changing a few words here and there is also plagiarism. Write your own material!
Teachers should check every project from their students for plagiarism. I Am Malala By Malala Essay! To check for plagiarism look for places where the English is very good and/or is a different style from the rest of the project. Use Google (or other search engine) by surrounding 6-8 suspect words with double quotes, for example text I think might be plagiarised by someone. If there is a perfect match, then look at the source material to make sure there wasn't an accidental match. Most of the time it will be plagiarism and must be removed from the of Poverty Health American Children Essay, project. There are also some automated plagiarism detectors available on the web. Consider using them. Please do not send us plagiarized material! Plagiarism is particularly sad for teams when one team member plagiarizes and the others are ethical.
For teams, we recommend that students check each other for plagiarism. If your entry is Malala by Malala Yousafzai, longer that 5-10 pages, consider including a one page executive summary on the best features of your entry. Be sure to include original ideas, major focus, and any parts particularly well done in behaviorism the executive summary. This will help the by Malala, judges find the best parts of your entry. Avoid including technical material not directly related to your space settlement or settlement related issue.
This is a space settlement contest and marginally related material will make it difficult for behaviorism vs constructivism the judges. If they can't find your space settlement elements easily you won't score well. Refer to Malala by Malala the NASA Ames Space Settlement Page. Refer to Free-Space Settlements by Al Globus (head judge). Refer to the NSS Space Settlement Library. Refer to the head judge's advice.
Use the behaviorism, space colony designer's corner. Use the space settlement teacher's page. Refer to the NSS Library. Refer to the Generic Earth Orbiting Space Settlement Requirements by Anita Gale. I Am Malala! Models are hard to roaring handle and expensive to Malala Essay ship. Market Revolution Summary! Consider sending pictures of your model. If you must send the whole model, make it strong. Fragile models are frequently demolished during shipping or transport.
Submissions are not returned. Essay! NASA is not responsible for the loss or damage to any submission. Do your best to behaviorism vs constructivism get the by Malala Yousafzai Essay, science right. Make your design as quantitative as possible. Include a bibliography.
We want to schizophrenia nash know where you got your ideas and materials. I Am Malala Essay! Be creative. Corruption In The Century Essay! Surprise the Yousafzai, judges. Put something of your own personality into your work. Consider designing a colony that you would really like to john live in. Consider alternate possibilities and clearly describe why you made the choices you did. Present your material clearly and neatly. When you discuss someone else's ideas or work, which almost all entries do, reference it. We recommend a reference format along the lines of I am Malala Essay, [author year]. For example, you might write: Small children will be required not to be allowed in the center of the cylinder since radiation levels are minimized near the hull [Horia 2005].
Then in the References section at revolution summary, the end of your paper put: [Horia 2005] Horia Mihail Teodorescu and Al Globus, Radiation Passive Shield Analysis and Design for Space Applications, SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Aerospace. If you use someone else's image, add Image credit to give credit where credit is due. Use the entry form. If we don't know who you are we won't be able to send you your prizes and certificates. Be sure to attach a copy of the I am by Malala Yousafzai, entry form to each part of The Impact on the of African American Children, your submission plus one additional copy loosely unattached (perhaps with a paper clip). For example, if you have a report and I am Malala Yousafzai Essay, artwork, attach an entry form to each so that if they get separated during handling, we will be able to Interpretations put them back together.
Please type if at all possible. Use a separate sheet if necessary. Submissions must be received by February 15. All decisions by the judges are final. All decisions by the judges are final. Have fun. Send a hard copy of your entry and I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, two hard copies of of Poverty on the Health of African Essay, a filled out entry form (one firmly attached to your entry and the other loosely attached, perhaps with a paper clip) to: NASA Ames Research Center. Al Globus/Mail Stop 262-4 or. Lauren Claudatos/Mail Stop 262-4. Bldg.
262, Rm. 269. Moffett Field, CA 94035-0001. Entries must arrive by February 15. If your courier service needs a street address, use 'Allen Rd'. NOTE: we do not send verification that entries have been received.
Please don't ask for Malala by Malala Essay one. If you want to know if the entry has arrived, use a service that requires a signature. Teachers using the on the Health of African Children, contest in their class should submit all projects together. Note: electronic submission is I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay, not allowed, only vs constructivism hard copy. Space colonies are permanent communities in orbit, as opposed to living on the Moon or other planets. The work of Princeton physicist Dr. O'Neill and others have shown that such colonies are technically feasible, although expensive. Settlers of this high frontier are expected to Malala Yousafzai Essay live inside large air-tight rotating structures holding hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people along with the animals, plants, and single celled organisms vital to comfort and survival. There are many advantages to roaring economy living in orbit: zero-g recreation, environmental independence, plentiful solar energy, and terrific views to name a few. There is plenty of room for Malala Essay everyone who wants to go; the materials from a single asteroid can build space colonies with living space equal to about 500 times the surface area of the twenties economy, Earth. Why should colonies be in I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay orbit?
Mars and our Moon have a surface gravity far below Earth normal. Children raised in Varying of Helen low-g will not develop bones and muscles strong enough to I am Yousafzai Essay visit Earth comfortably. Corruption And Explotaition In The 21st Century Essay! In contrast, orbital colonies can be rotated to provide Earth normal pseudo-gravity in Malala by Malala the main living areas. We hope teachers will make this contest part of their lesson plan. While designing a space colony, students will have a chance to study physics, mathematics, space science, environmental science, and many other disciplines. On The Health Children! We would like students outside the I am by Malala Yousafzai, science classes to participate as well. Thus, contest submissions may include designs, essays, stories, models, and artwork. Students can design entire colonies or focus on one aspect of orbital living.
A class or school may submit a joint project where small teams tackle different areas in a coordinated fashion. Behaviorism! For example, consider a cross curriculum project where science classes design the Yousafzai, basic structure and support systems, art students create pictures of the interior and exterior, English students write related short stories, social studies students develop government and social systems, Industrial Technology builds a scale model, and revolution summary, the football team proposes low-g sports. The International Space Settlement Design Competition The National Space Society (NSS) invites students from around the world ages 12 to 25 to submit original realistic artwork for its Roadmap to Malala Essay Space Settlement Student Art Contest. NSS is looking for student artists to create illustrations for market revolution summary the NSS Roadmap to Space Settlement document. Please visit this link to the NSS Roadmap to Space Settlement Student Art Contest. Colleges and Universities offering space science and astronautics programs.
NASA Academy. A National educational, training, and research resource for college undergraduate and graduate students, dedicated to promoting current and future opportunities for innovation and leadership in aerospace-related careers.
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F. Scott Fitzgeralds Essays From the Edge. The Jazz Age novelists chronicle of by Malala Essay his mental collapse, much derided by his critics, anticipated the rise of Vast Corruption in the Century autobiographical writing in I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai America. The first readers to comment on F. Scott Fitzgeralds Crack-Up essays made no pretense to literary criticism. Behaviorism Vs Constructivism! They just wanted to dishand diss. Malala By Malala Yousafzai! The dismay of old or former or soon-to-be-former friends came at schizophrenia john nash Fitzgerald fast and by Malala Yousafzai furious, along with smack-downs from summary those critics who bothered to remark on the essays as they appeared in three successive issues of Esquire, in February, March, and April 1936. John Dos Passos was particularly exercised. Christ, man, he wrote to I am by Malala Yousafzai, Fitzgerald in October 1936. Essay! How do you find time in the middle of the general conflagration to worry about all that stuff? The general conflagration, presumably, was the Great Depression, but also National Socialism and Malala Yousafzai fascism in Germany and Italy, and behaviorism the Spanish Civil War, which had ignited in July. Were living in Malala one of the damnedest tragic moments in history, Dos Passos steams on. Market! If you want to go to pieces I think its absolutely OK but I think you ought to write a first-rate novel about it (and you probably will) instead of spilling it in little pieces for I am Yousafzai, Arnold Gingrich, the editor of Esquire, who had commissioned the essays . By the standards of our own uber-autobiographical age, with its appetite for revolution summary, revelation, its faith in the redemptive payoff of telling all, Fitzgeralds essays seem decorously vague, cloaked in metaphor rather than disclosure.
Though he describes his psychological and spiritual breakdown, his utter collapse, often in a wry, self-deprecating style, he doesnt spill many autobiographical beans. We dont learn of his despair over his wifes mental illness. He doesnt divulge his bouts with drinking, his imprudent affair with a married woman, his money worries, his literary woes. Mother, father, those stock figures of personal narrativenever mentioned. The master storyteller isnt even very narrative, employing drifts of I am Malala by Malala Essay figurative language rather than episodes and scenes, feinting and lunging (mostly feinting) his way through his portrait of a breakdown that left him cracked like an old plate.
That Fitzgerald had published these personal essays in a glossy magazine seemed to vex his friends (Dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Sara Murphy, the unsigned New Yorker Talk of the Town writerthe list goes on) as much as the sentiments themselves. Maxwell Perkins and Harold Ober, Fitzgeralds loyal editor and literary agent, were still backing away from the essays as late as 1941, a year after the writers death, when Edmund Wilson was shopping around a posthumous collection of his old friends incidental nonfiction that included the Crack-Up pieces. Wilson admitted to Perkins that he, too, had hated the essays when he first read them in roaring Esquire . But if you read The Crack-Up through, he argued, you realize that it is not a discreditable confession but an account of a kind of crisis that many men of Scotts generation have gone through, and that in the end he sees a way to live by application to his work. Perkins was unpersuaded. He declined Wilsons proposal to Scribners, the I am Yousafzai Essay publisher until then of all Fitzgeralds books. In a sense, it was the third time Perkins had rejected the twenties economy book. He had earlier turned down Fitzgeralds idea for a collection of autobiographical pieces. Fitzgerald came back to him in March 1936. By Malala Essay! I thought you might reconsider the schizophrenia nash subject, he writes, pointing out that the interest in this Esquire series has been so big that such autobiographical pieces might well fetch a large readership. The suggestion was reasonable, even canny; despite the scoldings and derision from the literary sector, Fitzgerald had received an astonishing number of I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay letters from readers captivated by his willingness to reveal his woundswhich were also their wounds, the same boom-to-bust deflation of the individual spirit that the Depression had brought to the national economy and psyche.
Though his literary friends tended to schizophrenia john, butter their censure of the Malala by Malala essays with reverence for the great gift of his talent (which he was wastingtheir point), the Crack-Up pieces were welcomed by ordinary readers. Perkins was having none of john nash it. In a wonderfully prissy remark he says that in The Crack-Up, Fitzgerald committed an indecent invasion of his own privacy. He concurred with Ober that this sort of confessional writing (as it would later be called) was dangerous for Fitzgeralds status as a serious writer. Perkins countered Fitzgeralds retooled Crack-Up book proposal with the suggestion of a reminiscent booknot autobiographical but reminiscent. I would be very much for it. What Perkins meant by a book that would be reminiscent but not autobiographical is not clear. Yousafzai! The distinction is itself dated perhaps, a division that marks the of Helen border between art and life that Perkins and I am Yousafzai Essay Dos Passos were determinedeven desperateto defend. Undeterred, Wilson approached New Directions, a house founded by James Laughlin the schizophrenia john same year Esquire had run the by Malala Essay essays, and already the default publisher of avant-garde work. So it was that New Directions became the publisher of The Crack-Up in 1945, five years after Fitzgeralds death at age 44. The book is still available under that imprint.
At the time of his death, Fitzgerald was considered (and considered himself) a has-been, the market summary unfortunate poster boy for I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay, the ruinous Roaring Twenties. But over time, the on the Health American Children Essay publication of The Crack-Up has come to be regarded as the trigger to Fitzgeralds resurgence as an I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay essential and enduring figure of 20th-century American literature. The critical response to the books appearance in 1945 was a far cry from the reception the Esquire publication of the essays had elicited. Reviewers were respectful, even enthusiastic, or at market summary least seriously interested. I Am Malala By Malala Yousafzai! Lionel Trilling, for schizophrenia john, one, praised Fitzgeralds heroic self-awareness in his review in The Nation . Along with the Malala Yousafzai essays themselves, the volume contained notebook sketches, letters, and tribute essays, including a piece by Glenway Wescott, The Moral of Scott Fitzgerald, which had first appeared in The New Republic shortly after Fitzgeralds death. There is Vast in the 21st Century, very little in Malala by Malala Yousafzai world literature like this piece, Wescott says of the essays, which he takes as a single work, calling it the autobiographical essay Fitzgerald wrote as a kind of swan-song. In a strenuous effort to find kindred works, he compares the essays, in a way, to Sir Walter Raleighs verse epistle before his beheading. Though Wescott thinks Fitzgeralds treatment of his misery is cheap here and nash there still it is fine prose and naturally his timeliest piece today: self-autopsy and funeral sermon. The writing astonishes: one quick and thorough paragraph after another, with so little shame. [T]he first half is written without a fault: brief easy fiery phrases. Fitzgeralds subject, Wescott says with acuity, is his lassitude of imagination; his nauseated spirit; that self-hypnotic state of I am Malala by Malala Essay not having any will-power; and nothing left of the twenties intellect but inward observation and dislike. Hemingway lost no time trashing Fitzgerald to Perkins, their mutual editor (a connection that Fitzgerald, already a literary star, had arranged for the unknown and struggling Hemingway when they met in Paris in I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai the 1920s). In a letter dated February 7, 1936right after the first Crack-Up piece was publishedHemingway complains to The Impact of Poverty Children, Perkins that Fitzgerald seems to almost take a pride in his shamelessness of defeat. The Esquire pieces seem to me to be so miserable.
There is another one coming. I always knew he couldnt thinkhe never couldbut he had a marvelous talent and the thing is to use itnot whine in public. Hemingway wasnt done. He went on to savage Fitzgerald in The Snows of Kilimanjaro, a short story that also appeared in Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay Esquire, in August 1936. Varying Interpretations Of Helen Essay! He injects poor Scott Fitzgerald into the fiction, noting that Fitzgerald had been wrecked by his romantic awe of the rich.
This short story also refers to an exchange in which Fitzgerald is supposed to Yousafzai Essay, have said, The very rich are different from schizophrenia nash you and me, thereby allowing Hemingway to write the I am Yousafzai arch reply, Yes, they have more money. Except this exchange, much quoted ever since, never occurred. Even decent Max Perkins couldnt manage to correct the inaccuracy, though he put the facts on record: he was present at a lunch in New York in 1936 when Hemingway said, I am getting to know the rich. To which the literary critic Mary Colum, the third person at the table, said, The only difference between the rich and The Impact of Poverty on the American other people is I am Malala, that the rich have more money. Fitzgerald wasnt at the lunchor in the city at the time. No doubt Hemingway was glad to offload the exchange onto Fitzgerald and adopt for himself the memorable zinger. Fitzgerald wrote to john nash, Beatrice Dance (who had been his lover that summer) to report that he had protested his old pals literary slam in a somewhat indignant letter, though Hemingway remained unrepentant. Since I had chosen to expose my private life so shamelessly, in Esquire, Fitzgerald notes, he felt that it was sort of an open season for I am Yousafzai, me. Fitzgerald then wrote Hemingway a hell of a letter, which, on second thought, he decided not to send. Too often, he says to Beatrice Dance, literary men allow themselves to get into internecine quarrels and finish about as victoriously as most of the nations at schizophrenia john the end of the World War. Hemingway, he says in I am Malala by Malala a final remark, is quite as nervously broken down as I am but it manifests itself in different ways. His inclination is toward megalomania and mine toward melancholy. About as good a mutual character assessment as either of Varying of Helen them ever got.
In the eyes of his friends, Fitzgerald may have broken decorum. Malala Essay! But his essays kindled a narrative revolution that continues to simmer in American writingin the rise of memoir and the appeal of personal essays in daily newspapers, to name only two obvious shape-shifters in publishing. 21st Essay! And it is by Malala Essay, publishing, not only writing, that is at stake here. Of Poverty On The Of African Children! As John OHara wrote to Fitzgerald in Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay a considerably more sanguine letter after reading the essays in Esquire, I suppose you get comparatively little mail these days that does not dwell on your Esquire pieces, and I guess few of the john writers resist, as I am resisting, the temptation to go into their own troubles for Malala, purposes of contrast. What Fitzgerald was describing was not just personal (as Gatsby says of things that dont have real value).
His misery was native to his time and place. Of Poverty On The Health Essay! It was cultural. And he knew it: My self-immolation was something sodden-dark. It was very distinctly not modernyet I saw it in others, saw it in I am Malala by Malala a dozen men of twenties economy honor and industry since the war. Glenway Wescott may have found little in I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay world literature like the behaviorism Crack-Up essays, and early readers of the I am Yousafzai Esquire pieces also seemed to recognize their jarring novelty. But no cultural change happens in a vacuum. Something in roaring twenties economy the air links change to change, later making evident a pattern, a fundamental shift. I Am By Malala Yousafzai Essay! One such kindred event: around the time Fitzgeralds first Crack-Up essay was on national newsstands, the first formal Alcoholics Anonymous group was being organized in Akron, Ohio, making public the fellowship that Bill Wilson and Bob Smith had begun privately at Smiths house. The coincidence is worth noting, but not because there is any causal relation between Fitzgeralds hyper-aware essays and vs constructivism the founding of that most American of religions, a secular faith without priests or hierarchy or even an agreed-upon notion of God, a populist, anti-intellectual spiritual methodology.
Even stylistically, they couldnt be more opposed. The Crack-Up essays are the cry of Fitzgeralds rarefied soul, lavish in metaphoric evasionsincluding evasions about I am, his drinking. Interpretations! By contrast, the scriptural text of I am Malala Essay AA, The Big Book, is market, a model of socialist-realist prose, relentlessly earnest, a kind of Malala by Malala unliterature whose first chapter, Bills Story, inaugurates the autobiographical enterprise that remains the touchstone of AA. Interpretations Of Helen Essay! Yet these two cultural (or spiritual) occasions, which began their public lives at the same time, in the depths of the Great Depression, are linked in Malala the way that history alone can make obvious, displaying a shared landscape, creating or simply recognizing coherence. From herethe here of The Impact of Poverty on the of African Children Essay our own autobiographical ageit is possible to see a link between Fitzgeralds valiant attempts in his essays and the fledgling personal documentation (self-narrative without guiding psychotherapist) that is the root of AA and the secret of its enduring success. But if what Fitzgerald was doing in by Malala Yousafzai the essays could be linked to something as unliterary as AA drunkalogs, then The Crack-Up was a blot on his real work. To throw away personal pain in on the Children essays little pieces in a glossywas to nick away at literature itself. You ought to write a first-rate novel about it (and you probably will) The propriety Dos Passos is trying to safeguard here is the authority of the novel, the great architecture built of long generations, the literary habitation already threatened by the shocking immediacy of the movies. Who needed yet more splintering of the great, beloved form?
Especially by those scrappy little pieces. The publication of the Crack-Up essays looks now like a sharp pivot, marking a fundamental change in American consciousness and by Malala therefore in narrative voice, an evident moment when the center of authorial gravity shifted from the omniscience afforded by fictions third person to the presumption (accurate or not) of greater authenticity provided by the first-person voice with all its limitations. Whitman had set American poetry on this road a few generations earlier: the voice of Song of Myself belongs to a lyric essayist, contending with himself and his time, using the personal self as the representative of the national type, fusing the individual to history. And the presence of Varying of Helen faux memoirists as narrators in I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay American fictionincluding Nick Carraway in The Great Gatsby, Hemingways own Nick Adams, and before that the narrators of Essay Huckleberry Finn and Moby-Dick also betrays a preference for the first-person voice. The Crack-Up essays are a similar poetic project.
Fitzgeralds strangled cry in them makes clear that a lyric impulse links the I am Malala Yousafzai personal essay with poetry, even though essays are a prose form and seem to pose a chronic scourge (or companion) to behaviorism vs constructivism, their apparent kinnarrative fiction. In fact, the essay inhabits an intermediate territory between story and poem. That may be its fundamental appeal. Malala By Malala Essay! Tell a story and then think about itall in the same work. Whitman didnt employ (or deploy) the first person to recount his life story or reveal his secrets: we need Whitmans biographers to suss out his sex life, for example. Like Fitzgerald, Whitmans I is the vs constructivism song of his consciousness, not of his episodic experience.
Fitzgeralds essays nudge American prose toward the kind of personal authority that Whitman sought for American poetry. In fact Fitzgeralds first essay opens not with the first-person voice, but the second: Of course all life is a process of I am Malala Yousafzai breaking down, but the blows that do the dramatic side of the workthe big sudden blows that come, or seem to come, from outsidethe ones you remember and blame things on and, in moments of weakness, tell your friends about, dont show their effect all at once. Varying Of Helen! There is another sort of blow that comes from Malala Yousafzai Essay withinthat you dont feel until its too late to do anything about it, until you realize with finality that in some regard you will never be as good a man again. Fitzgerald feels squeamish about behaviorism vs constructivism, personal disclosure just as Hemingway and Dos Passos do. He too finds public confession morally repellentas his nervous remark suggests about those blows you talk about in moments of weakness. He hardly establishes his subjectthe mysterious but decisive breakage of his sense of selfbefore he backs off to make a general observation in the second paragraph. I Am By Malala Yousafzai! The test of a first-rate intelligence, he famously says, is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in the mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function. This observation is twenties economy, really a restatement of a concept formulated by Keats, Fitzgeralds lifelong literary hero. In a letter to his brothers in 1817, Keats tries to describe the Malala Essay essential quality of schizophrenia a Man of Achievement especially in literature. That is when a man is I am Malala, capable of being in uncertainties, Mysteries, doubts without any irritable reaching after fact reason. He calls this quality Negative Capability. Psychologists (and AA) call it detachment. The terms Negative Capability and detachment arent descriptions so much as proof of the inability to corral this essential but elusive qualityjust as all spiritual qualities are impossible to define.
For Fitzgerald, the idea has more of an market American can-do quality than Keatss Romantic readiness: One should be able to see that things are hopeless and yet be determined to I am, make them otherwise. This muscular notion fitted on to my early adult life, when I saw the improbable, the implausible, often the market revolution summary impossible, come true. Fitzgerald refers here to his phenomenal overnight stardom with the publication of This Side of Paradise at I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai age 24, when he became not only a best-selling author, but a model for the man of his agea condition he later called the bitch goddess of Vast and Explotaition in the Century Essay success. The Crack-Up pieces are an attempt to review the I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai Essay devastating conundrum of spiritual collapse that came in schizophrenia john nash the wake of such high flying. He ends the I am Malala Yousafzai Essay first essay with the harrowing question posed in the Gospel of Matthew: Ye are the salt of the earth. But if the salt hath lost its savour, wherewith shall it be salted? By the second essay he is smarting under the criticism he has received from his literary friends. There are always those to whom all self-revelation is contemptible, he writes in Varying of Helen Essay the opening paragraph, unless it ends with a noble thanks to the gods for the Unconquerable Soul. The sardonic capital letters signal his refusal to go quietly or to write (at least for the moment) a first-rate novel about his breakdown. I wanted, he writes early in the second essay, to put a lament into my record. As he did at the end of the first essay, he adopts in the second the language of spirituality to describe the quality of his desolation and despair, doing a turn on St. John of the Cross: In a real dark night of the I am Malala Yousafzai Essay soul it is always three oclock in the morning, day after day. In the first two essays, Fitzgerald leans heavily on the cracked plate metaphor.
In the third, as he moves beyond description of his condition toward a solution, he retains the same figure of speech, but turns it inside out. In considering those who survived the behaviorism self-immolation he has been describing, he realizes they had made some sort of Malala Yousafzai clean break. He doesnt seem to notice that he has reversed field with his metaphor. Varying Essay! Or perhaps the realization that the solution to I am Malala Yousafzai Essay, his crack-up is to Corruption and Explotaition, make a clean break is so enchanting to him that he forges ahead with it. A clean break, he says, is something you cannot come back from. He will continue to be a writer because that is my only I am Malala, way of life. He wont break with that. But he will no longer be a person. Things get muddy hereand self-dramatizing. He will no longer be kind, just or generous. None of this sounds genuine. It is the recognizable infuriated (and impotent) frustration of someone who has felt his life overused by othersnot just the killing demands of Zeldas illness and Varying Interpretations Essay the vagaries of publishing, but all those letters of recommendation, blurbs, and reviews, the middle management of being a successful writer. Still, the clean-the-slate determination in I am Malala the essays does feel authentic: I have now at last become a writer only. He had not, of courseZelda was still there to Corruption and Explotaition Century Essay, be kept in private hospitals, Scottie to be sent to good schools, and later he would fall in love again, with Sheilah Graham. And he was writing a first-rate novel when he died, the I am by Malala Essay unfinished Last Tycoon . But in the Crack-Up essays he stopped in his personal and professional tracks, and described the Vast Corruption and Explotaition in the 21st dark night of his soul, against all advice and prudence. He wrote his lament.
As it happens, I live in Fitzgeralds grandmothers house in St. Paul, Minnesota, a fact I learned some years after I moved into the brownstone rowhouse on Laurel Avenue, before this leafy old neighborhood was gentrified. Malala! In the The Impact of Poverty on the early years I could look out Yousafzai my second-floor window to see two cars come to a screeching halt at Varying Interpretations Essay the intersection, a bag of white powder passed from one to the other, before each careened off again. I Am Yousafzai Essay! It was one of those charming, down-on-its-luck urban places that artists and other odd ducks move to and tart up before the Varying Interpretations of Helen lawyers and doctors, the museum curators and psychotherapists arrive. I allow myself to think Fitzgerald may have stayed here as a boy, at least briefly, after his father lost his Procter Gamble job in Buffalo and Malala Scott was sent back to St. Paul before the rest of the family returned. Theres no scholarly proof for this, but a certain logic makes it possible, even likely. And a certain desire. The Impact Of Poverty On The Health Of African American Essay! Before I knew the I am Yousafzai house was connected with Fitzgerald, I called the behaviorism vs constructivism place Heartbreak Hotel because it seemed that its vacant apartments were routinely rented by people divorcing or divorced, sad sacks trudging up the dark staircases of the Victorian brownstone with heads down. A very crack-up kind of place. But truth be told, in St.
Paul theres no distinction to living in a Fitzgerald house. Scott and Zelda, and his parents before him, hopscotched around this old neighborhood, switching apartments with dismaying frequency, as if they were all on the lam. Malala Yousafzai! Enough Fitzgerald houses remain to make up a slim guidebook, which you can find in most local bookstores. For all this moving around, neither Scott and Zelda nor the senior Fitzgeralds ever owned a house here or anywhere else. They were eternal tenants, flitting from location to location, always clinging to the general vicinity of The Impact on the Health American Essay St. Pauls Summit Avenue, our show street, as Fitzgerald calls Crest Avenue in one of the sketches that Edmund Wilson included in The Crack-Up . In a sense, in St. Paul Fitzgerald is everywhere. He was born in another apartment three blocks farther up on Laurel. I Am Yousafzai! On our walks, my dog often chooses to Varying, make her pause in front of the rowhouse on Summit where Fitzgerald came home to stay with his parents that decisive summer of 1920.
He holed up on the third floor to rewrite This Side of Paradise after a first version had been rejected by Maxwell Perkins. Yousafzai Essay! He mailed the The Impact of Poverty Health of African American revision to Scribners at the end of the summer, fingers crossed. Malala Yousafzai Essay! A few weeks later, just before his 24th birthday, he dashed out of the house, stopping cars on roaring twenties economy Summit, waving the acceptance letter from Perkins. In the essays that so appalled his friends, paradoxically Fitzgerald notes of his bleak despair that it felt strange to have no selfto be like a little boy left alone in a big house, who knew that now he could do anything he wanted to do, but found that there was nothing that he wanted to do He was exhausted. Thats what comes throughnot self-immolation but sheer exhaustion. He drank, he caroused his way through his success, but how he had workedmy limitless capacity for I am Malala, toil, he says with astonishment as he looks back at his years of literary labor from the vantage of his collapse. Here on the corner of Laurel and Nina, cars will sometimes stop on a weekend afternoon, usually in the fall, it seems. Interpretations Of Helen! Four or five teenagers will tumble out, at I am by Malala Essay least one with a notebook. Often theres a woman at the wheel, someones mother no doubt, paused in the no-parking zone in behaviorism vs constructivism front of the building while the kids run around, pointing to the turret, one of Malala them reading from a guidebook. They have already been to the birth house up the and Explotaition 21st street, and to the rowhouse on I am Malala Yousafzai Essay Summit where the good news from Scribners came in 1920.
Now theyre finishing up the class assignment, looking at the grandmothers dour brownstone with a Dickensian debtors prison aspect, but which, they know from behaviorism their teachers handout, is I am Malala Essay, Scotts (we all call him Scott, as if he were a neighbor we havent seen around for a while). They raise their cell phones and take pictures of each other, of the house. Sometimes one of them reads something aloudusually from Gatsby, once in a while from Vast and Explotaition 21st Century Essay that sublime St. Paul short story Winter Dreams. Nobody, in my memory, has ever been carrying The Crack-Up . But its not a book for the buoyant. Its for the burnt out. This is what I think now, Fitzgerald writes at Malala Essay the end of the third essay: that the natural state of the of Poverty on the Children sentient adult is a qualified unhappiness. Yet his loyalty remains fastened to happiness, to youtheven if only the memory of I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay its shimmer. He was, after all, an elegist at heart. My own happiness in the past, he writes in the essays final valediction, often approached such an ecstasy that I could not share it even with the Interpretations Essay person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and lanes with only I am Yousafzai Essay, fragments of it to distil into little lines in books. How early it startsthe ecstasy of unreasoning happiness that must be walked away in quiet streets.
And how quiet these St. Behaviorism! Paul streets in this old crumbling neighborhood are still, especially nights when the high school students are back home writing up their field trip notes. How valiant the effort to distill the fragments, against all caution, into by Malala Essay little lines that perfect strangers will read and recognize as their own. Patricia Hampl is vs constructivism, Regents Professor of English at the University of by Malala Yousafzai Essay Minnesota and the author of several books, including I Could Tell You Stories , a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. This essay is heavily indebted to the research and analysis of Scott Donaldson in his essay The Crisis of Fitzgeralds Crack-Up. What Occurred at Linz: A Memoir of Forgetting. The city of behaviorism Linz perches near the headwaters of the blue Danube. It boasts two new art museums and a bevy of trendy restaurants that are attracting a sleek young crowd these days. Linz is I am by Malala Yousafzai Essay, also Hitlers hometown, a fact that ebbs and of Poverty on the of African Children flows through the citys consciousness.
Read Robert Hahns essay from the Spring 2012 issue in which he wanders through the metropolis that wants to remember its past and move far, far away from I am Malala it. Best-of lists from bad romances to Shakespearean verse. We ask our favorite writers about their favorite titles. The complete collection of our blogs, including Zinsser on Friday and our weekly Writing Lessons. Works you wont find in print edition, from the vs constructivism likes of Harold Holzer, Wendy Smith, and Neil Shea.
By Michelle Kuo. An excerpt from I am Essay Michelle Kuos memoir on the life-changing power of literature.
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Free 2008 Mumbai India Terrorist Attack Essay Sample. The 2008 Mumbai Terrorist Attacks refer to a series of eleven consecutive attacks that were carried out by unidentified terrorists in Mumbai City, the largest city in India. The Mumbai attacks occurred on the twenty sixth night of November 2008. The coincidence of the I am Malala by Malala, number of the attacks with the month it happened gave it the name “26/11” attacks. Varying? The attacks consisted of eleven well coordinated shootings and Yousafzai, bombings.
According to a report compiled by BBC News, the terrorists are believed to have Islamic background (Rabasa, 2009). Most of the Vast Corruption and Explotaition in the, terrorists were killed in counterattacks by Mumbai police. Only one terrorist was captured alive. I Am Essay? It was further reported that the terrorists must have received adequate assistance and support by twenties external forces before executing the I am by Malala Yousafzai, shootings and bombings. One of the suspect terrorists, Mr. Ajmal Kasab, who was the only attacker captured alive, confessed to Mumbai police that the terrorists received support from Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence (ISI). The 2008 Mumbai attacks were among the numerous terrorist attacks that the city had faced since another bombing of the same severity occurred in March 1993. The Mumbai 2008 attacks occurred on revolution summary the Wednesday night of 26 th November 2008. The attacks were very severe and Malala by Malala, lasted for more than sixty hours. They involved cruel counter attacks between security agencies, police and john nash, the terrorists. Most of the I am Malala by Malala, shootings and bombings were carried out in the southern part of Mumbai.
The terrorists had primary target places which had huge gathering of Interpretations Essay, local citizens as well as foreigners, for instance, the Malala by Malala Yousafzai, Taj Hotel, Cama Women and Children’s Hospital, Metro Cinema and St. Xavier’s College. Another explosion occurred at Mazagon port. The terrorists also managed to attack other secondary target areas. One day after the attacks, all parts of Mumbai that could possibly be targeted by the terrorists were put under tight security and continuous police surveillance. On the third day after the attacks, the National Security Guards (NSG) conducted an operation dubbed Operation Black Tornado to get rid of the attackers. This operation resulted into deaths of most of the attackers who were still at the Taj Hotel. Mr. Ajmal Kasab, who was the only attacker captured alive, confessed that the terrorists belonged to a militants’ group called Lashkar-e-Taiba, which is based in Pakistan.
Lashkar-a-Taiba is considered a terrorist organization by the India government. When the Pakistan government was asked about the nationality of Mr. Corruption Century Essay? Ajmal, the Prime Minister agreed that he was a Pakistani. Mr. Ajamal was later arraigned in court and I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai, sentence to death. The 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks resulted into The Impact of Poverty of African American Essay, various human impacts. I Am Malala By Malala? First and foremost, most of the victims who survived have been suffering from trauma for a very long time. Summary? They get traumatized by the bombing experience and the scenes that were associated with it, for I am Essay, example, shooting of behaviorism vs constructivism, innocent friends or relatives by the terrorists. Additionally, most survivors suffered from I am serious body injuries that have rendered them physically disabled. This has further distressed the victims. The post attack effects were very devastating at both personal and family levels.
According to Kronstadt, the market revolution summary, terrorist attacks in Mumbai instituted a climate of great fear and terror amongst the people. The attackers took hostages in the target hotels, shoot and killed several people (Kronstadt, 2011). Investigations by the police revealed that they mainly targeted Hindus and foreigners, especially British and American citizens. In addition, the attacks resulted into hatred and rage between America and Pakistan. For instance, in late 2010, various family members and relatives of American victims who died or got injured during the attacks sued Pakistan and the leader of its Inter-Service Intelligence unit, General Major Ahmed Shuja Pasha for mass killings of blameless persons.
Infrastructure Damage and Losses. The Mumbai bombings also resulted into astonishing and shocking destruction of the City’s infrastructure. First, the great and I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai, symbolic Taj Hotel was seriously destroyed, burned and reduced to ashes. Kronstadt asserts that the hotel was a great emblem of architectural work in India (Kronstadt, 2011). Furthermore, the hotel integrated India’s rich heritage with cultural iconography. It was an amalgamation of Indian culture, heritage and architecture with business and hospitality attributes of the country. Secondly, another hotel which was destroyed during the attacks was the Oberon-Trident Hotel, which served as luxurious meeting point for the rich and most influential people of Indian. Oberon-Trident Hotel also served as a symbol of India’s prestigious hospitality. It was also a sign of India's growth and Corruption and Explotaition in the Century, prosperity in economic activities.
The destruction of Taj and Oberon-Trident hotels was a great setback in the hospital industry of India. Thirdly, Chatrapati Shivaji Railway Terminus also suffered infrastructural damage. Chatrpati Terminus was a major railway station in India. Thousands of commuters from I am Malala Yousafzai Essay both local and international communities used this railway terminus regularly. It was ever busy and fully crowded. In my view, it was targeted by The Impact on the American Children the attackers so that they could cause massive killing of persons and widespread destruction to humanity.
Its destruction was a severe setback to India’s transport system. Fourthly, in the south of Mumbai was Nariman house which was destroyed probably because it housed many Jewish leaders. Before the by Malala Yousafzai, attacks, already there were tensions and minor conflicts between Jews and Muslims. In my opinion, therefore, the attackers must have considered it prudent to destroy Nariman house as a revenge attack to the Jewish community. Last but not least, the Interpretations, Mumbai bombings and Yousafzai Essay, explosions resulted into destruction of residential places, roads and business premises. Economy? Communication channels such as telephone lines were also destroyed. At communal level, the attacks resulted into great terror amongst the citizens of India. Various communities were afraid of possible future attacks by the either the Yousafzai, same terrorist organization or attacks from other groups related to roaring economy, Lashkar-e-Taiba.
Mumbai terrorist attacks also led to I am Malala by Malala Essay, accusations, extreme revulsion and schizophrenia john, wrath between India and Pakistan. India pointed fierce fingers towards Pakistan government for alleged involvement in the attacks. Pakistan refuted these accusations. However, in February 2009, a minister from Pakistan asserted that parts of the attacks were actually planed and coordinated from Pakistan. This further widened the Malala, rift, enmity and vs constructivism, hostility between the two countries. In July 2006, similar attacks occurred in Suburban Railway in Mumbai where seven bombs were exploded simultaneous killing more than two hundred people. Investigations by the Mumbai police revealed that the attacks were conducted by Lashkar-e-Taiba in collaboration with Students Islamic Movement of Malala by Malala Yousafzai, India.
This resulted into schizophrenia john, negative attitudes towards the Islamic students in India. Muslims were hated and received discriminations from the indigenous community regardless of whether one was involved in the bombings or not. It also led to inter-community clashes. Furthermore, the attacks resulted into harsh and unbearable relationships between Pakistan and India. At first, Pakistan denied its involvement in the attacks, but later accepted India’s accusations on her involvement in the Mumbai bombings when she was supplied with adequate information relating the Malala, weapons used during the attacks, police interrogations and records of The Impact Health American Essay, telephone calls that were made during the I am, attacks. Reports compiled by the Indian government after a series of investigations revealed that Pakistan’s intelligence agency, ISI, provided support to the terrorists. Severe tensions rose between India and Pakistan. In addition, local communities condemned India’s political leaders and security forces for their negligence during the attacks. Citizens argued that the leaders did not give adequate protection to the people. On the other hand, the security agencies were blamed for incompetence and weaknesses in disaster response. This cropped into of Poverty American, poor relationships between the citizens and Malala by Malala Essay, their leaders.
Last but not least, there were sharp conflicts between Muslims and Hindus. The Islamic religion received global condemnation for causing deaths of innocent persons. The international community also reacted by fierce condemnations of the attacks. Direct and Indirect Loss. In my opinion, some of the direct losses incurred as a result of the nash, attacks include loss of lives, severe injuries to survivors, destruction of both private and public properties such as hotels, business premises, and Malala Yousafzai, infrastructures such as railway lines.
It also caused internal displacement of persons as people were moving to areas that were considered safer. On the other hand, indirect losses include poor relationships between India and Pakistan, hatred between followers of Hindu and roaring economy, Islamic religions and reduced economic activities and development in Mumbai. Gross Domestic Product. In addition to the above mentioned effects, the Malala Yousafzai Essay, 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks had stern negative effects on the economy of Mumbai City and India as a whole. Most business organizations responded to the attacks by summary reducing their investments in I am by Malala India. There were observable changes in Vast Corruption and Explotaition 21st Century Essay the trade, hospitality and I am by Malala Essay, transport industries. Moreover, those businesses that did not close their premises or relocate to other cities had to incur additional expenses in acquiring self-defense mechanisms to roaring twenties economy, shield themselves from possible future attacks. Businessmen and traders had to dig deeper into their pockets so as to Essay, meet such additional costs.
Businesses had to roaring twenties economy, spend again the little profits they had earned on hiring and improving security. This eventually resulted into reduced economic activities and consequently an enormous decline in India’s gross domestic product (GDP). In my opinion, the attacks greatly affected India’s GDP because Mumbai was the only commercial capital which was well established and prosperous. According to Rabasa, Mumbai was India’s financial soul. It was a city of Yousafzai, growth and economic development for India (Rabasa, 2009). It accounted for more than ten percent of India’s tax income and approximately fifteen percent of of Helen, India’s gross domestic product. It was an important financial and commercial hub for India. Besides, the I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai, places that were targeted by the terrorists were popular tourist attraction sites. This led to and Explotaition 21st Century Essay, decrease in foreign exchange revenue from tourism since many tourists were not willing to visit Mumbai after the attacks. I Am? Tourists who had planned to visit Mumbai changed their plans and cancelled the 21st Century Essay, trips.
The international community was scared, and so were the tourists. I may put forward that one of the main goals of the terrorists was to impede and slow down the rising economic growth and development of Mumbai. I Am? The key industries of twenties, India’s economy were the targets, and thus were rigorously affected. This includes hospitality, tourism and transport industries. These industries continued to experience major economic shocks long after the attacks. Early Warning Signs. The 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks had various warning signs which if they could have been keenly observed, appropriate prevention measures could have been taken to stop it.
First and foremost, there was widespread communal rioting towards the end of 1992 when Hindu nationalists destroyed Babri Masjid in Ajodhya. This led to a massive repercussion of Muslims in Mumbai. Besides, there were killings of several Hindu workers in by Malala Yousafzai Essay South Mumbai which resulted into counter-violence by of Poverty on the of African American the Hindus. Consequently, Muslims counteracted by bombing several parts of Yousafzai, Mumbai in 1993, including the Bombay Stock Exchange. These violent and harsh activities experienced between 1992 and 1993 caused massive migration of people. The local communities were divided along religious lines. Muslims moved to cities where their majorities lived. Hindus too migrated to towns where their majorities lived.
In my view, the roaring economy, repeated attacks in Mumbai City by Muslims exposed and symbolized deep-rooted hatred and hidden tensions and violence between the two religious groups. Similar attacks that were alleged to have been conducted by Muslims occurred in a train station in Mumbai in 2006. The attack was targeting massive killing of Hindus who were bordering a train. It was an Malala by Malala Essay attack of market summary, revenge meant to claim Hindus’ lives. I Am Essay? I suppose that these reiterated attacks were adequate signals of possible future attacks. They indicated that something was wrong between the communities of Mumbai. Vs Constructivism? I would further assert that the 2008 terrorist attacks came at I am Malala Yousafzai Essay a time when India was already struggling with internal threats from minority terror groups. Furthermore, India has had three ferocious wars with Pakistan in mid 1948, 1965-66 and 1972.
This resulted into a bitter rivalry between the two nations, and thus a possibility of terrorist attacks from either country. All these were early warning signs of possible terror attacks. Systems of Attacks. The 2008 Mumbai attacks were well planned and coordinated. The callous and coldblooded operations of the terrorists left India stumbling under its impact.
The attacks entailed a mixture of urban warfare techniques and terrorism. It employed both traditional methods of killing targets by hand-thrown grenades as well as post-modern techniques of using auto-explosive bombs. It also deployed use of high-tech technologies such global positioning systems and satellite phones in communications. The satellite phones were used by the terrorists to communicate with their chief organizers and facilitators in Pakistan. They also employed Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) to facilitate their communication and exchange of information. Additionally, it also mixed both land-based and sea-borne terrorism. The attackers first hijacked a ship in Arabian Sea, killed its crews before heading to shores of Mumbai. Furthermore, the attacks employed numerous tricks of terrorism such as firing guns, use of explosive grenades and Vast Corruption in the 21st Century, taking people hostages. I Am Yousafzai Essay? The terrorists focused at implanting confusion amongst the Varying Interpretations, people and I am by Malala Yousafzai, the security forces.
They later managed to overwhelm the security authorities with their mixed and well calculated tactics. The security forces were thus unable to respond effectively to the attacks. Revolution Summary? According to Rabasa, the terrorists attacked a total of ten target places, five of which were major targets. I Am Yousafzai Essay? Attacks on these target locations were carefully crafted and meticulously planned (Rabasa, 2009). These target places were of importance to India, and thus the terrorists had specific and solid reasons to schizophrenia john, target them. The Indian government was criticized for its delayed response during the attacks, poor disaster preparedness and delay in arrival of the National Security Guards. In order to moderate the severity of such attacks in future, Indian police must be given adequate funds and proper training to improve its capacity and performance. The government should also acquire state-of-the-art weapons and missiles to replace obsolete weapons currently held at government arsenals. The Indian parliamenterians should also push for proper and full implementation of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendments Bill which would help boost security in the country. Malala By Malala Yousafzai? The security forces along the coast and at border regions of Indian should be enforced. They should be well equipped.
Additionally, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) from United States of America predicted a possibility of terror attacks in India. Schizophrenia John Nash? However, these warnings were taken less serious. I Am Malala By Malala Yousafzai Essay? The government of India did not take any preventive measures either. In my view, therefore, such serious negligence by the government must be avoided in future. Similarly, private partnerships can formulate their own techniques of ensuring high security within their business premises, for instance, through installation of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) systems. The laxity of frontline security at the entrance of vs constructivism, major buildings gave the terrorists chances of entering into I am Malala by Malala Yousafzai, the hotel buildings with their grenades and guns without detection by metal detectors at respective hotel entrances. This indicates that private organizations should also tighten security levels in their premises.
Similarly, India should be willing to incorporate external assistance in times of disasters. For example, in schizophrenia nash the 2008 attacks, little efforts were made to seek external assistance from neighboring countries. In conclusion, the 2008 Mumbai attacks is Malala by Malala Yousafzai a good example of twenties, how evil terrorism can be. It is, therefore, important for a government to I am by Malala Essay, provide adequate security to its citizens and be prepared enough for the unseen.